Hello, everyone! Today, as a little tour guide, I welcome you to visit Lu Xun's hometown in Shaoxing. Please take good care of your belongings. Follow me into Shaoxing.
Shaoxing is a famous historical and cultural city with outstanding people from ancient times to the present. Lu Xun, the great writer, thinker and revolutionist of our country, is a typical representative. His original name is Zhou Shuren. Now let's visit the original hometown of Lu Xun, mainly including Lu Xun's former residence, Lu Xun memorial hall, BaiCaoYuan and Sanwei bookstore.
First of all, we visited the place where Lu Xun was born. In the two black stone storehouse doors, all the houses are well preserved. Most of them are made of brick and wood. From the hall, study, library, bedroom, guest room to the kitchen, we can see that Lu Xun's family used to be a big family of scholarly disciples.
Stepping out of Zhou's home, let's visit the Lu Xun Memorial Hall. Here we introduce Lu Xun's rough life and his famous works in detail. His articles are of profound significance, beautiful calligraphy and rich pictures and texts. One by one, let's feel for his whole life, and even more moved by his "coldness to thousands of people, bowing to be willing to be an ox".
Next, let's have a good tour of Lu Xun's childhood paradise - BaiCaoYuan. The exquisite fence encircles the garden. In addition to the towering tree, other plants and plants are still lush. There is a mud wall in the corner. It seems that we can still find Lu Xun's childhood figure in this corner.
Finally, let's go to Sanwei bookstore, the cradle of Lu Xun's growth. Here happened a little story: Lu Xun was scolded by his husband for being late for school because he took care of his sick father. So he decided to carve the word "early" on his chair to remind himself not to be late again. It is precisely because of Lu Xun's tenacious perseverance that he achieved the great revolutionary cause later.
I'm very happy to guide you to Shaoxing Lu Xun's hometown. I hope you can bring Shaoxing culture and local products to your friends. Welcome to Shaoxing next time. Thank you for watching!
Dear passengers, I'm very glad to be together with you to visit Shaoxing. I'm Lin xulu, the tour guide. You can call me Xiao Lu. I will provide you with the most intimate and meticulous service, thank you!
Attention, everyone. We have arrived in Shaoxing, and soon we will arrive at Lu Xun's former residence. Special reminder: it's the peak season for tourists. Please take good care of your valuables after you get off the bus, follow the team and pay attention to our flag.
We have arrived. Lu Xun memorial hall, Lu Xun's former residence and Lu Xun's hometown are all close together. I will show you around one by one. Get off, please pay attention to safety, do not touch damage, do a civilized tourist, thank you! Friends who want to visit by themselves should gather at the place where they get off before 3 o'clock.
Please see, this is the place where Lu Xun lived when he was a child. Lu Xun's ancestor was a big family, so this ancestral home is very big. The furniture inside is well preserved. Here is the kitchen. Look! This is the children's room, which is the room where nannies and children live. Lu Xun was born here. This courtyard is Lu Xun's "BaiCaoYuan". When he was a child, Lu Xun and his friends caught crickets, carried water, stung and plucked Polygonum multiflorum. I had an unforgettable childhood. In his youth, he studied with his teacher in Sanwei bookstore. When he grew up, he wrote at his desk.
OK, it's 2:30 now. It's half an hour before the meeting. You can buy some Shaoxing specialties. Remember to get off at 3:00!
Time flies. Two days have passed. We will be home in about 10 minutes. Please pack your luggage. I'm glad to meet you. I'm very happy to be with you for two days! I wish you good health, happy every day, we will meet again! bye!
Hello, tourists! My name is Hu Keyu. I'm the tour guide who takes you to Lu Xun's hometown.
Let's go and have a look at the beautiful scenery there! When you enter the gate, you will first see four black people embedded in a gray and smooth stone tablet: "Lu Xun's hometown." there are pictures of potholes on it. In front of the stone tablet, there are statues of Kong Yiji and other four people. I'll give you ten minutes to take a group photo.
Now let's go to visit Lu Xun's ancestral home with me! Lu Xun's ancestral home is Lu Xun's former home, which includes master's room, master's study, bedroom, piano room and kitchen.
Let's go out of Lu Xun's ancestral home and have a look at the opposite Sanwei bookstore. Sanwei bookstore was the place where Lu Xun read when he was a child. But there is a word "morning" carved on Lu Xun's desk. The word "morning" is because once his father was ill. He rushed to the drugstore early in the morning to buy medicine for his father, and then fried it well before he went to study. As a result, he was late for school and was taught After a few typing, he carved a word "morning" on his desk, thinking that he couldn't be late in the future.
Now let's go to BaiCaoYuan! Entering the gate of BaiCaoYuan, you can see green vegetable beds, smooth stone well fences, tall acacia trees, purple mulberry trees, where Lu Xun played as a child.
Time flies like an arrow. In a flash, the tour of Lu Xun's hometown is over. Welcome to come again next time. Goodbye!
Welcome to Shaoxing Lu Xun Memorial Hall. Shaoxing is a famous historical and cultural city with outstanding people and brilliant stars since ancient times. Lu Xun, a great modern Chinese writer, thinker and revolutionist, is one of the outstanding representatives. Lu Xun, formerly known as Zhou Shuren, was born on September 25, 1881 in a dilapidated family of feudal literati and bureaucrats in the capital of Shaoxing. He started at the age of 7 and studied in Sanwei bookstore at the age of 12. When he was 13 years old, his grandfather was jailed for bribery in the imperial examination. His father, Zhou Boyi, fell ill and suffered a lot from the decline of his family. When Lu Xun was 18 years old, he resolutely "took a different road, fled to other places, and went to Nanjing and Japan to study. After returning to China in the summer of 1909, he successively engaged in teaching and literary creation in Hangzhou, Shaoxing, Beijing, Xiamen, Guangzhou and Shanghai. On October 19, 1936, he died of illness at his home in Shanghai new village. He was 56 years old.
Lu Xun spent more than one third of his life in Shaoxing. He not only spent his childhood and adolescence in his hometown, but also carried out his early teaching practice, literary creation and social revolutionary activities. The life experience of his hometown not only has a great influence on his ideological development, but also is an important source of his literary creation. Today, we are going to follow the footsteps of this great man and visit his hometown.
Now we come to Lu Xun's birthplace - Lu Xun's former residence. Lu Xun's former residence is located at the west head of the Zhoujia new gate at the entrance of Duchang Fangkou. The new gate of the Zhou family is the place where the Zhou family has lived for many years. It was built in the Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty, facing south from the north, with green tiles, pink walls, brick and wood structure. It is a typical deep courtyard in the south of the Yangtze River. In 1918, the house, together with the herb garden behind it, was sold to Zhu, a neighbor in the East. After the change of ownership, most of the original houses have been demolished and rebuilt, but the main part of Lu Xun's former residence is fortunately preserved, so today we are lucky to see the original Lu Xun's former residence.
These two black stone storehouse gates were originally the side gates of Zhou Jiaxin's gate, where Lu Xun's family went in and out.
This ordinary mud flat house is the place where Lu Xun's family used to place vehicles. As we all know, Shaoxing is known as "Venice of the East". Therefore, most families are equipped with water transportation. The two tall oars are used on big ships, while the two small oars are used on black canopies. Sedan chair is a means of land transportation, among which the sedan bar is the original of Lu Xun's family.
From the right door, through the corridor, to the "sweet scented osmanthus hall". Mingtang is commonly known as Tianjing in Shaoxing. There used to be two lush osmanthus plants planted here, hence the name of Osmanthus Mingtang. When Lu Xun was a child, he used to lie on a small table under the osmanthus tree in summer to enjoy the cool. His stepgrandmother Jiang, while shaking a banana fan, played riddles for Lu Xun and told stories such as "cat is the master of the tiger" and "water overflows the Golden Mountain". Lu Xun was influenced by folk literature since childhood and provided rich materials for his later literary creation. Later, he had vivid memories in his articles such as dog, cat, mouse and on the collapse of Leifeng Pagoda.
Through the sweet scented osmanthus hall, you come to Lu Xun's bedroom. In the summer of 1909, Lu Xun returned to his hometown from Hangzhou after studying in Japan. He successively held teaching posts in Shaoxing Fuzhong school and Shanhui Junior Normal School. This bedroom was his bedroom and study when he was teaching in Shao. Lu Xun often prepared lessons and wrote late into the night. His first classical Chinese novel nostalgia was written here. The iron pear wooden bed on display in the bedroom is the original of that year.
Through the slate patio, facing is the well preserved two floors and two bottoms of Lu Xun's former residence. The first half of Dongshou is the main place for Lu Xun's family to eat and meet guests. Shaoxing is commonly known as "xiaotangqian". When Lu Xun was a teacher in Shaoxing, he often received visiting friends and students here. The leather chair in the upper right corner of the living room was used by Lu Xun's father. Lu Xun's father was dismissed as a scholar after his grandfather Zhou Fuqing's cheating on dance in the imperial examination hall. He was depressed and depressed. After that, he was so sick that he was mistaken by a quack doctor that he died at the age of 36. From then on, Lu Xun's family fell into predicament from a well-off family. After a series of family changes, young Lu Xun suffered from the coldness and coldness of the world. He saw the degeneration and ugliness of the upper class society, which had a great impact on his thought and embarked on the road of seeking truth.
Separated from the living room is Lu Xun's mother's room. The Eight Legged bed in the south is the original one that Lu Xun's mother, Lu Rui, had slept in. The little bed in the East is the bed that Lu Xun's brother ZHOU Jianren used to sleep in.
On the table by the window are displayed the things that Lu Xun's mother used to do needlework. Lu Rui, Lu Xun's mother, was born in anqiaotou, Shaoxing. She was kind and resolute. She was able to read books through self-study. Lu Xun admired his mother and once said, "if my mother is 20 or 30 years younger, she may become a heroine." Luri is indeed an extraordinary mother. Her three sons are known as "the three heroes of the Zhou family" in the modern literary world.
To the west of the small hall is Lu Xun's stepgrandmother Jiang's bedroom. Lu Xun was deeply impressed by the stepgrandmother, who was cheerful and humorous, and often told stories and riddles to his nephews and grandchildren.
A patio away from Lurui's bedroom is the kitchen where Lu Xun's family cooks and cooks. In front of the kitchen, the "three eye stove" used by the old rich family in Shaoxing was restored according to the memories of the people concerned. Pictures and words praying for blessings and avoiding evil spirits were painted on the walls of the stove. The kitchen cover on the north wall was made by Zhang Fuqing, the "busy month" of Lu Xun's family. Zhang Fuqing sometimes brought his son to carry water for help, and became a close friend with Lu Xun. Lu Xun and Yunshui met for the first time in this kitchen. "Purple round face, wearing a small felt hat and a bright silver collar around his neck", it was this water transportation that made Lu Xun realize a strange world that he could not see in books. In 1921, when Lu Xun wrote his novel hometown, he took water transportation as a model and created the vivid artistic image of "leap soil".
The three rooms in the back are where Lu Xun's family stores rice and farm tools. The one on the right is Zhang Fuqing's residence. In the middle is the corridor leading to BaiCaoYuan.
Ladies and gentlemen, now we can see that this garden is the famous "BaiCaoYuan". Although the name of BaiCaoYuan is elegant, it is actually an ordinary vegetable garden. It was a deserted vegetable garden shared by more than a dozen families in xintaimen at that time. Usually, some melons and vegetables were planted for drying rice in autumn. In his childhood, Lu Xun often played with his friends in the herb garden, enjoying the cool in the shade of trees in summer and catching crickets in the mud wall in autumn. In winter, we catch birds in the snow. As for BaiCaoYuan, Lu Xun once described it vividly in his famous prose from BaiCaoYuan to Sanwei bookstore. In the article, he wrote with infinite affection: "it is not necessary to say the green vegetable beds.
Smooth stone well fence, tall acacia tree, purple mulberry Just around the short mud wall, there is infinite interest. " What we see now is the landscape in Lu Xun's works. When Lu Xun was 12 years old, his family sent him to Sanwei bookstore to study. He had to say goodbye to his crickets, raspberries and Mulian, and went to the most severe private school in the city to study. Now let's say goodbye to everything here and follow Lu Xun's article from BaiCaoYuan to Sanwei bookstore.
From Lu Xun's former residence, walking hundreds of steps to the East, walking south through a stone bridge, and entering through a black painted bamboo silk door, you will arrive at Sanwei bookstore, where Lu Xun studied in his youth. Sanwei bookstore is a famous private school in Shaoxing City in the late Qing Dynasty. It used to be the study of Shou family. Lu Xun began to study here at the age of 12. His five-year study career benefited him a lot, accumulated rich cultural knowledge, and laid a very solid foundation for his future literary creation.
The plaque of "Sanwei bookstore" is hanging in the middle of the library, and there is a pair of clasps on both sides of the pillars: "music is silent, filial piety is the only thing; Taitang flavor is poetry." They were all written by Liang Tongshu, a famous calligrapher of the Qing Dynasty. What is "three flavors?" according to Mr. Shou Jingwu's son: "reading classics tastes like rice, reading history tastes like food, and a hundred schools of thought taste like vinegar." Among them, acyl is condiment. There is a picture of pine and deer hanging under the plaque. Every day, students should salute the plaque and the picture before they start reading.
Hello everyone, my name is Yu Shihan, a student of class 4 (10) of Beihai primary school. Today, I will show you around Lu Xun's hometown. Speaking of Lu Xun, we all know that his original name is Zhou Shuren. He is the greatest writer, thinker and revolutionist in modern China. Lu Xun's spirit is known as the soul of the Chinese nation. Now I'm taking you to the place where Lu Xun grew up and studied as a child.
Walking into Lu Xun's hometown, a picture of the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China is displayed in front of tourists. Through Fangkou old street in Dongchang, we come to the gate of Zhou Jiatai, Lu Xun's ancestral home. There is a small patio and hall in the entrance. Behind the hall is the place where Lu Xun lived when he was a child. A small patio behind the building. Bluestone pavement. There is a tall osmanthus tree in the courtyard. In late autumn, the fragrance of Osmanthus is very fragrant, so it is also called the osmanthus hall. To the north is the kitchen, with three cooking holes and one cooking utensil. In the north of the kitchen, there are three bungalows separated by a small patio, and in the back is the herb garden. Everyone must have read "from BaiCaoYuan to Sanwei bookstore" and that's what it says. BaiCaoYuan covers an area of 20xx square meters. There are two gardens, big and small, where Lu Xun's children play.
About 100 meters away from his former residence, we came to Sanwei bookstore, where Mr. Lu Xun studied when he was a child. On the middle wall of the room are the plaque of "Sanwei study" and the picture of pine deer. There is a couplet on the column of the room: "music is silent, filial piety is the only thing, too beautiful and tasteful is reading". There are square tables and chairs in the room. That's where Mr. Lu Xun studied. He still has the word "Zao" carved on his desk!
Time flies. This is the end of the introduction of Lu Xun's hometown. Welcome to visit next time! Thank you!